This temple was discovered by archeologists during the reign of Governor Raffles in 1815. The preservation of the temple complex was carried out by the Archaeological Service since 1917. It is said, this temple was founded in the 15th century AD during the reign of Suhita, Queen Majapahit who ruled in 1429-1446 .
Sukuh Temple is a Hindu temple in the Majapahit era, located in Central Java . Exactly, this temple is located in Sukuh Hamlet, Berjo Village, Ngargoyoso District, Karanganyar Regency, Central Java Province. The location of Sukuh Temple is located on the foot slope of Mount Lawu at an altitude of approximately 1,186 meters above sea level.
Initially the existence of this temple became controversial as a tourist attraction because there were several statues or statues depicting human reproductive organs. Besides this form of Sukuh Temple is known to be very unique because it is different from Hindhu temples in general. The shape of this temple is a trapezoid and similar to the Mayan temples.
You can still feel the sacred atmosphere in this temple area. Because there are still many offerings deliberately placed in each corner of the temple building. By spending only Rp 3,000 you are free to dive into every corner of the temple area. But don’t dare to come there in the afternoon. You will not be satisfied traveling to all areas of the temple, because the fog quickly descends and covers this historic temple area.
Unlike most Hindu temples, the majapahit kingdom’s heritage temple does not face the rising sun, but rather towards the west. In terms of architecture it is not like other temples that symbolize Semeru Mountain, but it has a truncated pyramid peak, besides that there is a terraced terrace with one step in the middle, as well as a number of monoliths and large statues that surround it.
According to the alleged experts, “Sukuh Temple” was built for the purpose of observing, namely counteracting or releasing bad forces that affect a person’s life due to certain characteristics they have. The allegations are based on reliefs containing stories of conserving, such as Sudamala and Garudheya, and on the statues of tortoises and garuda found in the Sukuh Temple . Here you will be treated to the beauty of statues, statues, inscriptions, and reliefs around and in the temple.
Sukuh Temple has three terraces and each terrace you will be treated to a different uniqueness. On the first terrace is the main gate to enter the temple then proceed to the second terrace there is a gate that has been damaged and is not intact anymore. On the right and left side of the gate there is a dwarapala statue which is a statue of the gate guard. Walking to the third terrace you can see that there is a fairly large courtyard where Sukuh temple is located. This third terrace is the last and most important terrace.
When you climb the stairs in the hallway gate, will be treated to reliefs that can be considered quite erotic and vulgar carved on the floor. This relief depicts the phallus facing the vagina. Actually relief is not vulgar or pornographic, but this relief is a symbol of fertility, there is a philosophy contained in it. The relief actually contains deep meaning. The relief was intentionally carved on the entrance floor with the intention that anyone who stepped over the relief of all the dirt that clings to the body to disappear because it has been hit by suwuk.
It feels incomplete, if you are in the city of Yogyakarta. Skip popular tourist attractions nowadays. Yogyakarta has hundreds of natural and cultural attractions which are unrivaled in Indonesia.